The infantry were trained to move and march as units; instead of a mob they became a phalanx. Both Greece and Bulgaria had been condemned numerous times for the oppression of their large Macedonian minorities which they had stripped off basic human rights, ever since the partition of the country.
Philip was elected as leader hegemon of the army of invasion against the Persian Empire. Philip already had plans for invasion of the Persian Empire, which would crown his career as world conqueror.
All non-Macedonian citizens were expelled, the city was razed to the ground, and re-founded as a Macedonian city. Therefore, during the following yearas the Greek assembly officially acclaimed Philip's idea for a Persian war, tens of thousands of Greeks sailed off to Asia Minor to enroll in the Persian army against the upcoming Macedonian invasion.
Macedonia established full hegemony over Greece, and Philip as a hegemon. This made him enemies, one of which was Demosthenes, a great orator from Athens. For the next five or six years he was completely loyal to Perdikkas, and was entrusted, perhaps after some years, with lands of his own, on which he is said to have maintained an armed force, possibly little more than a bodyguard.
Meanwhile Philip and Cleopatra had a male child which they named Caranus, in honor of the founder of the Macedonian royal dynasty. It was essentially a succession crisis followed by a military crisis; the first was dealt with diplomatically and by assassination, so it was in the military area that he introduced his changes.
In his Politics a few years later he used this incident as an example of a monarch murdered for private and personal motives—which would have been a puerile indiscretion if either he or the world in general had ever taken the canard seriously.
The rise of Rome put an end to Macedonian kingdoms. Philip had made Macedonia, and now Macedonia and its kings made world history. This was the official explanation, and Pausanias himself could add nothing to it; he was killed on the spot.
This marriage led to a break with Olympias and his son Alexander.
He was made an archon of the Thessalian League, which was strange since Philip was a foreigner to the Greeks.
But this well thought propaganda did not deceive the Greeks who were well aware that Philips's settlement in Greece was just a cloak for his future conquests. At Chaeronea in central Greece where the two armies met, the whole of Greece put 35, infantry and 2, cavalry on the field, while the Macedonians had 30, infantry and 2, cavalry.
Presidency of the Thessalian League Characteristically, Philip declined the trial of strength, prepared to wait for six years until he could gain Thermopylae by negotiation and without striking a blow. The next period from to BC he took parts of Greece without war, by winning and buying politicians of the smaller states.
Justin's analysis[ edit ] Other historians e.
However, he had an extremely high win rate and successfully besieged Methone, dismantled the Thessalians at the Battle of Crocus Field, and completed the siege of Olynthus in BC. He writes that the same night of her return from exile, she placed a crown on the assassin's corpse, and later erected a tumulus over his grave and ordering annual sacrifices to the memory of Pausanias.
Bardylis had good cause to be confident that he could again win a battle.
At the wedding banquet, Cleopatra's uncle general Attalus made a remark about Philip fathering a "legitimate" heir, i. The Illyrians were next. Unlike other generals who saw their men as expendable, Philip always attempted to create strategies that reduced the risks to his army.
Philip withdrew these troops. Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών, Phílippos II ho Makedṓn; – BC) was the king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from BC until his assassination in BC.
Philip II of Macedonia Philip II (*): king of Macedonia (r), responsible for the modernization of his kingdom and its expansion into Greece, father of Alexander the Great. Rise to power. Philip II of Macedon was born in Pella, Macedon in BC and was the third son of King Amyntas III.
He was held captive in Thebes as a teenager and it was here where he learned his remarkable military and diplomatic skills. The funeral of Philip II in BC was performed, as imposed by tradition, in Aigai.
It was the most lavish funeral ceremony of the historic times held in Greece. PHILIP II OF MACEDON AND ALEXANDER THE GREAT (– BC) THE RISE OF THE MACEDONIAN EMPIRE (Spanish Edition) Jan 16, by ARTHUR M.
CURTEIS and Cristo Raul. Kindle Edition. $ $ 1 Get it TODAY, Nov 5. The History of the Life and Reign of Philip, King of Macedon: The Father of Alexander, Volume 2. Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών; – BC) was the king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from BC until his assassination in BC.
He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III.Philip ii of macedon