Wikipedia Dated to 32 B. Power grabs and murder plots were as much a Ptolemaic tradition as family marriage, and Cleopatra and her brothers and sisters were no different. It resulted in the Battle of Actium, a naval confrontation between the forces of Cleopatra and Mark Antony against the might of Octavian and Rome.
According to the story recorded by Plutarch and later dramatized famously by William ShakespeareCleopatra sailed to Tarsus in an elaborate ship, dressed in the robes of Isis.
Antony planned to set up an empire in North Africa and the Middle east to challenge his rivals in Rome. Even though Antony had tried to avoid conflict with Rome, it had now become impossible to avoid. Then she went to see Caesar at the palace.
In 49 CE, Cleopatra discovered that her husband was plotting with Pompey to send soldiers to kidnap and possibly kill her. Caesar was a very powerful general who conquered many lands, but he knew that becoming a god was something he could never achieve. Caesar was charmed by her wit, humor and intelligence, and they began a love affair which resulted in the birth of a child in 47 BC whom Cleopatra named Ptolemy Caesar or Caesarion little Caesar.
She lay on a couch beneath a canopy of gold cloth. Cleopatra snuck back into the palace hidden inside a rolled up carpet. Cleopatra was smart and cunning growing up.
A mad whirl of events followed; rumor had it that Cleopatra — shut in the mausoleum that she had built for herself — was dead. He fell on his sword, and died just as news arrived that the rumor had been false.
They again became lovers, and Cleopatra gave birth to another son, Ptolemy Philadelphos, in 36 B. Marc Antony declared her son Caesarion as the legal heir of Julius Caesar.
The means of her death is uncertain, but Plutarch and other writers advanced the theory that she used a poisonous snake known as the asp, a symbol of divine royalty. Cleopatra showed signs of leadership in childhood, being the only one of her family to learn Egyptian and mastered six languages. However, as her brother grew older he began to want more power.
Antony, who associated himself with the Greek deity Dionysus, was seduced by her charms. She had been communicating with him from her post over the border. Here too, there was but death waiting for him, as Ptolemy XIII, poisoned by his corrupt advisers ordered his execution as he came ashore.
She offered Antony crowns of vine leaves, a symbol of Dionysus, the Greek God of wine. There was a power vacuum resulting in the formation of the 'Second Triumvirate', an alliance of three leaders, Caesar's friend and consul Mark Antony, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Caesar's official heir, Octavian.
Though some modern historians have portrayed Cleopatra as a capable, popular Egyptian leader, we tend to imagine her through Roman eyes.
She learned new languages, including Egyptian, which surprisingly was not spoken in the royal court — all her family members spoke Greek. Several armies competed for control. However, the good times were not meant to last as Caesar, now dictator of Rome, was assassinated by his own Senate members in 44 BC.
Three years later Ptolemy returned to Egypt. Ptolemy XIII rebelled against the armistice that Caesar had imposed, but in the ensuing civil war he drowned in the Nile, leaving Cleopatra safely in power. With the help of Roman general Pompey, he snatched back power from Berenice and ruled again as Pharaoh.
Through cunning and guile, she survived to rule Egypt as all of her siblings perished by the wayside.
He wisely read to brother and sister the will of their father, which stated that he wanted them to rule together. Ptolemy II Auletes regained the throne and had Berenice beheaded, after which he appointed Cleopatra as a minor co-ruler.
She arranged for her barge to be decorated with thousands of tiny oil lamps and glittering, flickering patterns of lights. The last queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty which ruled Egypt for over years, Cleopatra VII was born in October of 69 BC, to Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena.
The Ptolemaic dynasty was then in its decline, facing severe challenges from natural disasters such as famine, disease and sociopolitical dangers such as. Cleopatra Before Caesar by Jean-Léon Gérôme, oil on canvas, Cleopatra confronts Gaius Julius Caesar after emerging from a roll of carpet.
The Egyptian Queen had been driven from the palace in Alexandria by her brother/husband Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra, (Greek: “Famous in Her Father”)in full Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (“Cleopatra the Father-Loving Goddess”), (born 70/69 bce —died August 30 bce, Alexandria), Egyptian queen, famous in history and drama as the lover of Julius Caesar and later the wife of Mark Antony.
Often known simply as Cleopatra, this ruler of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Philopater, was the last Pharaoh of Egypt, last of the Ptolemy dynasty of Egyptian rulers. She is also known for her relationships to Julius Caesar and to Marc Antony. Watch video · Cleopatra was an Egyptian queen who had affairs with Rome's Julius Caesar and Marc Antony.
She and Antony were defeated by Octavian in the battle at Actium. Learn more at clientesporclics.com History >> Biography >> Ancient Egypt for Kids.
Occupation: Pharaoh of Egypt; Born: 69 BC; Died: August 30, 30 BC; Best known for: The last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt; Biography: Born a Princess Cleopatra was born a princess of Egypt.
Her father was the Pharaoh Ptolemy XII. Cleopatra was smart and cunning growing up.A biography of cleopatra the last egyptian queen